Array ( [0] => Array ( [c_tagid] => 100 [c_tagname] => 兩會教育議案 [c_tag_enname] => 兩會教育議案 [c_tag_pid] => 0 [c_sort] => 0 ) [1] => Array ( [c_tagid] => 137 [c_tagname] => 期末專題 [c_tag_enname] => qimozhuant [c_tag_pid] => 0 [c_sort] => 0 ) [2] => Array ( [c_tagid] => 138 [c_tagname] => 初一期末沖刺 [c_tag_enname] => chuyiqimchongci [c_tag_pid] => 0 [c_sort] => 0 ) [3] => Array ( [c_tagid] => 139 [c_tagname] => 初二期末沖刺 [c_tag_enname] => chuerqimochonci [c_tag_pid] => 0 [c_sort] => 0 ) [4] => Array ( [c_tagid] => 140 [c_tagname] => 高一期末沖刺 [c_tag_enname] => gaoyiqimochonci [c_tag_pid] => 0 [c_sort] => 0 ) [5] => Array ( [c_tagid] => 141 [c_tagname] => 高二期末沖刺 [c_tag_enname] => gaoerqimochonci [c_tag_pid] => 0 [c_sort] => 0 ) [6] => Array ( [c_tagid] => 142 [c_tagname] => 暑期專題 [c_tag_enname] => shuqizhuanti [c_tag_pid] => 0 [c_sort] => 0 ) [7] => Array ( [c_tagid] => 143 [c_tagname] => 初一銜接 [c_tag_enname] => chuyixianjie [c_tag_pid] => 0 [c_sort] => 0 ) [8] => Array ( [c_tagid] => 144 [c_tagname] => 初二銜接 [c_tag_enname] => chuerxianjie [c_tag_pid] => 0 [c_sort] => 0 ) [9] => Array ( [c_tagid] => 146 [c_tagname] => 高一銜接 [c_tag_enname] => gaoyixianjie [c_tag_pid] => 0 [c_sort] => 0 ) [10] => Array ( [c_tagid] => 147 [c_tagname] => 高二銜接 [c_tag_enname] => gaoerxianjie [c_tag_pid] => 0 [c_sort] => 0 ) [11] => Array ( [c_tagid] => 148 [c_tagname] => 高三一輪復習 [c_tag_enname] => yilunfuxi [c_tag_pid] => 0 [c_sort] => 0 ) [12] => Array ( [c_tagid] => 149 [c_tagname] => 初三備考指南 [c_tag_enname] => chusanxianjieguihua [c_tag_pid] => 0 [c_sort] => 0 ) [13] => Array ( [c_tagid] => 150 [c_tagname] => 開學專題 [c_tag_enname] => kaoxuezhuanti [c_tag_pid] => 0 [c_sort] => 0 ) [14] => Array ( [c_tagid] => 151 [c_tagname] => 初一開學攻略 [c_tag_enname] => chuyikaixue [c_tag_pid] => 0 [c_sort] => 0 ) [15] => Array ( [c_tagid] => 152 [c_tagname] => 高一開學指南 [c_tag_enname] => gaoyikaixue [c_tag_pid] => 0 [c_sort] => 0 ) [16] => Array ( [c_tagid] => 153 [c_tagname] => 初一數學預習 [c_tag_enname] => chuyishuxue [c_tag_pid] => 0 [c_sort] => 0 ) [17] => Array ( [c_tagid] => 154 [c_tagname] => 高一數學規劃 [c_tag_enname] => gaoyishuxue [c_tag_pid] => 0 [c_sort] => 0 ) [18] => Array ( [c_tagid] => 156 [c_tagname] => 期中專題 [c_tag_enname] => qizhongzhuanti [c_tag_pid] => 0 [c_sort] => 0 ) [19] => Array ( [c_tagid] => 157 [c_tagname] => 初一期中沖刺 [c_tag_enname] => chuyiqizhongchongci [c_tag_pid] => 0 [c_sort] => 0 ) [20] => Array ( [c_tagid] => 158 [c_tagname] => 初二期中沖刺 [c_tag_enname] => chuerqizhongchongci [c_tag_pid] => 0 [c_sort] => 0 ) [21] => Array ( [c_tagid] => 159 [c_tagname] => 初三期中沖刺 [c_tag_enname] => chusanqizhonchonci [c_tag_pid] => 0 [c_sort] => 0 ) [22] => Array ( [c_tagid] => 160 [c_tagname] => 高一期中備考 [c_tag_enname] => gaoyiqizhong [c_tag_pid] => 0 [c_sort] => 0 ) [23] => Array ( [c_tagid] => 161 [c_tagname] => 高二期中備考 [c_tag_enname] => gaoerqizhong [c_tag_pid] => 0 [c_sort] => 0 ) [24] => Array ( [c_tagid] => 22 [c_tagname] => 普考 [c_tag_enname] => pukao [c_tag_pid] => 1 [c_sort] => 5 ) [25] => Array ( [c_tagid] => 25 [c_tagname] => 藝考 [c_tag_enname] => yikao [c_tag_pid] => 1 [c_sort] => 4 ) [26] => Array ( [c_tagid] => 105 [c_tagname] => 自主招生 [c_tag_enname] => zizhuzhaosheng [c_tag_pid] => 1 [c_sort] => 3 ) [27] => Array ( [c_tagid] => 118 [c_tagname] => 三大招飛 [c_tag_enname] => sandazhaofei [c_tag_pid] => 1 [c_sort] => 2 ) [28] => Array ( [c_tagid] => 13 [c_tagname] => 高考作文 [c_tag_enname] => zuowen [c_tag_pid] => 1 [c_sort] => 1 ) [29] => Array ( [c_tagid] => 127 [c_tagname] => 高考方法 [c_tag_enname] => gaokaofangfang [c_tag_pid] => 1 [c_sort] => 0 ) [30] => Array ( [c_tagid] => 128 [c_tagname] => 高考考點 [c_tag_enname] => gaokaokaodian [c_tag_pid] => 1 [c_sort] => 0 ) [31] => Array ( [c_tagid] => 129 [c_tagname] => 志愿填報 [c_tag_enname] => zhiyuantianbao [c_tag_pid] => 1 [c_sort] => 0 ) [32] => Array ( [c_tagid] => 130 [c_tagname] => 高考動態 [c_tag_enname] => gaokdongtai [c_tag_pid] => 1 [c_sort] => 0 ) [33] => Array ( [c_tagid] => 131 [c_tagname] => 高考心理 [c_tag_enname] => gaokaoxinli [c_tag_pid] => 1 [c_sort] => 0 ) [34] => Array ( [c_tagid] => 135 [c_tagname] => 強基計劃 [c_tag_enname] => qiangjijhua [c_tag_pid] => 1 [c_sort] => 0 ) [35] => Array ( [c_tagid] => 136 [c_tagname] => 高考錄取 [c_tag_enname] => gaokaoluqu [c_tag_pid] => 1 [c_sort] => 0 ) [36] => Array ( [c_tagid] => 145 [c_tagname] => 初三學習規劃 [c_tag_enname] => chusanguihua [c_tag_pid] => 1 [c_sort] => 0 ) [37] => Array ( [c_tagid] => 115 [c_tagname] => 中考報考 [c_tag_enname] => zhonkaobaokao [c_tag_pid] => 2 [c_sort] => 3 ) [38] => Array ( [c_tagid] => 107 [c_tagname] => 中考方法 [c_tag_enname] => zhonkaofangfa [c_tag_pid] => 2 [c_sort] => 0 ) [39] => Array ( [c_tagid] => 119 [c_tagname] => 中考作文 [c_tag_enname] => zkzw [c_tag_pid] => 2 [c_sort] => 0 ) [40] => Array ( [c_tagid] => 132 [c_tagname] => 中考考點 [c_tag_enname] => zhonakaokaodian [c_tag_pid] => 2 [c_sort] => 0 ) [41] => Array ( [c_tagid] => 133 [c_tagname] => 中考動態 [c_tag_enname] => zhongkaodongt [c_tag_pid] => 2 [c_sort] => 0 ) [42] => Array ( [c_tagid] => 134 [c_tagname] => 中考心理 [c_tag_enname] => zhonkaoxinli [c_tag_pid] => 2 [c_sort] => 0 ) [43] => Array ( [c_tagid] => 20 [c_tagname] => 小學語文 [c_tag_enname] => xioaxueshuxu [c_tag_pid] => 3 [c_sort] => 9 ) [44] => Array ( [c_tagid] => 19 [c_tagname] => 小學數學 [c_tag_enname] => xiaoxueshuxue [c_tag_pid] => 3 [c_sort] => 0 ) [45] => Array ( [c_tagid] => 21 [c_tagname] => 小學英語 [c_tag_enname] => xiaoxueshuxue [c_tag_pid] => 3 [c_sort] => 0 ) [46] => Array ( [c_tagid] => 24 [c_tagname] => 小升初報考 [c_tag_enname] => xiaoshengcbaokao [c_tag_pid] => 3 [c_sort] => 0 ) [47] => Array ( [c_tagid] => 110 [c_tagname] => 小升初備考 [c_tag_enname] => xiaoshengchubeikao [c_tag_pid] => 3 [c_sort] => 0 ) [48] => Array ( [c_tagid] => 10 [c_tagname] => 高中語文 [c_tag_enname] => gaozhonyuw [c_tag_pid] => 4 [c_sort] => 9 ) [49] => Array ( [c_tagid] => 4 [c_tagname] => 高中數學 [c_tag_enname] => gaozhongshuxue [c_tag_pid] => 4 [c_sort] => 8 ) [50] => Array ( [c_tagid] => 9 [c_tagname] => 高中英語 [c_tag_enname] => gaozhonyingyu [c_tag_pid] => 4 [c_sort] => 7 ) [51] => Array ( [c_tagid] => 5 [c_tagname] => 高中物理 [c_tag_enname] => gaozhongwuli [c_tag_pid] => 4 [c_sort] => 6 ) [52] => Array ( [c_tagid] => 7 [c_tagname] => 高中化學 [c_tag_enname] => gaozhonhuaxue [c_tag_pid] => 4 [c_sort] => 5 ) [53] => Array ( [c_tagid] => 11 [c_tagname] => 高中地理 [c_tag_enname] => gaozhongdili [c_tag_pid] => 4 [c_sort] => 4 ) [54] => Array ( [c_tagid] => 8 [c_tagname] => 高中歷史 [c_tag_enname] => gaozhonlishi [c_tag_pid] => 4 [c_sort] => 3 ) [55] => Array ( [c_tagid] => 12 [c_tagname] => 高中政治 [c_tag_enname] => gaozhongzhengzhi [c_tag_pid] => 4 [c_sort] => 2 ) [56] => Array ( [c_tagid] => 6 [c_tagname] => 高中生物 [c_tag_enname] => gaozhongshengw [c_tag_pid] => 4 [c_sort] => 0 ) [57] => Array ( [c_tagid] => 155 [c_tagname] => 高一數學 [c_tag_enname] => sgaoyishuxue [c_tag_pid] => 4 [c_sort] => 0 ) [58] => Array ( [c_tagid] => 17 [c_tagname] => 初中語文 [c_tag_enname] => cuzyuwen [c_tag_pid] => 5 [c_sort] => 9 ) [59] => Array ( [c_tagid] => 14 [c_tagname] => 初中數學 [c_tag_enname] => chuzhonshuxue [c_tag_pid] => 5 [c_sort] => 8 ) [60] => Array ( [c_tagid] => 18 [c_tagname] => 初中英語 [c_tag_enname] => cuzhonyingy [c_tag_pid] => 5 [c_sort] => 7 ) [61] => Array ( [c_tagid] => 16 [c_tagname] => 初中物理 [c_tag_enname] => cuzwuli [c_tag_pid] => 5 [c_sort] => 6 ) [62] => Array ( [c_tagid] => 15 [c_tagname] => 初中化學 [c_tag_enname] => cuzhhuaxue [c_tag_pid] => 5 [c_sort] => 5 ) [63] => Array ( [c_tagid] => 123 [c_tagname] => 初中歷史 [c_tag_enname] => chuzhonglishi [c_tag_pid] => 5 [c_sort] => 4 ) [64] => Array ( [c_tagid] => 122 [c_tagname] => 初中地理 [c_tag_enname] => chuzhondili [c_tag_pid] => 5 [c_sort] => 3 ) [65] => Array ( [c_tagid] => 121 [c_tagname] => 初中政治 [c_tag_enname] => chuzhongzzhi [c_tag_pid] => 5 [c_sort] => 0 ) [66] => Array ( [c_tagid] => 2 [c_tagname] => 小學家長 [c_tag_enname] => xiaoxuejiazhang [c_tag_pid] => 6 [c_sort] => 3 ) [67] => Array ( [c_tagid] => 27 [c_tagname] => 初中家長 [c_tag_enname] => chuzhongjiazhang [c_tag_pid] => 6 [c_sort] => 2 ) [68] => Array ( [c_tagid] => 26 [c_tagname] => 高中家長 [c_tag_enname] => gaozhongjiazhang [c_tag_pid] => 6 [c_sort] => 0 ) [69] => Array ( [c_tagid] => 3 [c_tagname] => 教學經驗 [c_tag_enname] => jsb [c_tag_pid] => 7 [c_sort] => 0 ) [70] => Array ( [c_tagid] => 113 [c_tagname] => 優師支招 [c_tag_enname] => mingshizhizhao [c_tag_pid] => 7 [c_sort] => 0 ) [71] => Array ( [c_tagid] => 124 [c_tagname] => 互動專區 [c_tag_enname] => hudongzhuanqu [c_tag_pid] => 7 [c_sort] => 0 ) [72] => Array ( [c_tagid] => 114 [c_tagname] => 熱門專題 [c_tag_enname] => zhuanti [c_tag_pid] => 8 [c_sort] => 0 ) [73] => Array ( [c_tagid] => 99 [c_tagname] => 三好資訊 [c_tag_enname] => news [c_tag_pid] => 9 [c_sort] => 0 ) [74] => Array ( [c_tagid] => 116 [c_tagname] => 公益巡講 [c_tag_enname] => gonyixunjiang [c_tag_pid] => 9 [c_sort] => 0 ) [75] => Array ( [c_tagid] => 117 [c_tagname] => 戰略發布 [c_tag_enname] => zhanluefabu [c_tag_pid] => 9 [c_sort] => 0 ) [76] => Array ( [c_tagid] => 125 [c_tagname] => 校長論壇 [c_tag_enname] => xzlt [c_tag_pid] => 9 [c_sort] => 0 ) [77] => Array ( [c_tagid] => 126 [c_tagname] => 學前學普 [c_tag_enname] => putonghua [c_tag_pid] => 9 [c_sort] => 0 ) [78] => Array ( [c_tagid] => 162 [c_tagname] => 高一語文 [c_tag_enname] => gaozhongyuwe [c_tag_pid] => 10 [c_sort] => 0 ) [79] => Array ( [c_tagid] => 163 [c_tagname] => 知識點 [c_tag_enname] => zhishidian [c_tag_pid] => 162 [c_sort] => 0 ) )
教育頭條 > 高中語文 > 高中語文意境類詩歌鑒賞答題技巧,備戰期末!

高中語文意境類詩歌鑒賞答題技巧,備戰期末!

高中語文 12-14 瀏覽量: 分享:
今天三好網高中語文老師為大家帶來意境類詩歌鑒賞的答題技巧,幫助同學們備戰期末。
 
 
 
(一)設問方式
 
1.這首詩營造了怎樣的意境?表達了詩人什么樣的思想?
2.這首詩為我們展示了一幅怎樣的畫面?表達了詩人怎樣的思想感情?
3.這首詩描寫了什么樣的景物?抒發了詩人怎樣的情懷?
4.詩中描繪了哪些景象?這些景象又創設出一種怎樣的意境?表達出作者什么樣的感情?
 
(二)分析思路
 
鑒賞古詩的意境,要注意作者選取了哪些景物(意象),有什么特征,渲染了何種氣氛或傳達了何種情感,情景之間的關系如何等問題。
常用術語
雄渾壯麗\雄奇險峻\遼闊蒼茫\清幽明凈\閑適恬淡\恬靜優美\蕭瑟凄涼\孤寂\冷清\肅殺荒寒\雄渾開闊\雄奇瑰麗\恢弘高遠\浩瀚遼闊\博大新奇\深邃奇崛\朦朧渺遠\空靈高遠\空蒙迷茫\虛幻飄渺\蒼涼悲壯\優美迷人\清新明麗\清凈幽遠\寧靜恬淡\安謐美好\清凈悠閑\冷森幽僻\凄清冷落\蕭疏凄寂\淡雅閑適\和諧靜謐\開闊蒼涼\深遠綿邈\高遠遼闊\沉郁孤愁等
 
(三)答題步驟
 
1.描繪詩中展現的圖景畫面(或指出描寫的具體景象、意象)。
應抓住詩中的主要景物用自己的語言再現畫面。描述時要注意兩點:一要忠實于原詩,用自己的語言,切忌直接引用;二要用自己的聯想和想像加以再創造,要描摹出主要的景物,不必每句、每個景物都寫到,但要寫到主要的景物語言力求優美。
2.概括景物營造的氛圍(意境)特點。
一般用兩個雙音節詞概括這些景物所營造的情境的氛圍特點,例如孤寂冷清、恬靜優美、雄渾壯闊、蕭瑟凄涼等,注意要能準確地體現景物的特點和情調。
3.分析作者的思想感情。
切忌空洞,要答具體。比如光答“表達了作者感傷的情懷”是不行的應答出為什么而“感傷”。
常見失誤:一是描摹景物時采用直譯的方法,變描摹為翻譯;二是考生往往著重于“思與境偕、情景相融”的正襯模式,而忽略了一些詩歌是通過景物來反襯思想感情,造成理解思想感情的錯誤。
 
特別提示:題目中如要求結合詩句作簡要分析,一定注意結合原詩中的意象進行具體闡釋。
 
(四)答題示例
例題1:閱讀下面的唐詩,完成題目。
度破訥沙①(其二)
李益
破訥沙頭雁正飛,?鵜泉②上戰初歸。
平明日出東南地,滿磧寒光生鐵衣。
[注]①破訥沙:沙漠名。②鵜泉:泉水名。
問:請從意境營造的角度,賞析全詩。
答案:(步驟一)全詩描繪了戍邊將士戰罷歸來的圖景,前兩句寫大漠遼遠、大雁高飛,既有勝利者的喜悅,也有征人的鄉思;后兩句寫日出東南、鐵衣生寒,既表現了壯闊背景上軍容的整肅,也暗含了軍旅生活的艱辛。(步驟二)詩歌擷取極具邊塞特色的含蘊豐富的意象,通過喜憂、暖冷、聲色等的比照映襯,營造出雄健、壯美的意境,(步驟三)抒寫了征人慷慨悲壯的情懷。
例題2:閱讀下面這首詩,回答問題。
 
絕句二首(其一)
杜甫
遲日江山麗,春風花草香。
泥融飛燕子,沙暖睡鴛鴦。
注:此詩寫于詩人經過“一歲四行役”的奔波流離之后,暫時定居成都草堂時。
問:此詩描繪了怎樣的景物?表達了詩人怎樣的感情?請簡要分析。
答案:(步驟一)此詩描繪了一派美麗的初春景象:春天陽光普照,四野青綠,江水映日,春風送來花草的馨香,泥融土濕,燕子正繁忙地銜泥筑巢,日麗沙暖,鴛鴦在沙洲上靜睡不動。(步驟二)這是一幅明凈絢麗的春景圖。(步驟三)表現了詩人結束奔波流離生活安定后愉悅閑適的心境。
 
聲明:本文來源于網絡,如有侵權,請及時聯系我們刪除。
 
 
 

精品回放

相關閱讀

熱門搜索

會員評論評論:0

熱門評論評論:0

請輸入手機號
請輸入驗證碼
請選擇年級
請選擇科目
北京赛车app